Beer: What is it?

Beer: What is it?

What is beer exactly? The staple ingredients from which most beers are produced are Malted Barley, Water, Hops, and Yeast. The German purity law decreed that beer must be made from these materials ALONE, and many of the world greatest beers are still made according to...

What Makes Beer Develop ‘Off-Flavors’?


What Makes Beer Develop ‘Off-Flavors’?

Introduction To Off Flavours Before you begin your investigation into the realm of off flavour beers, it is critical that you understand that these qualities are sometimes the actual characteristics of a beer’s style or signature. 

Whether you are a home-brewer or a...
Water Chemistry for Brewing

Water Chemistry for Brewing

Introduction to Water chemistry for brewers Water chemistry is arguably more important when all grain mashing than it is for extract brewers. Extract brewers may need to make adjustments to unsuitable water, or even “build” water chemistry from scratch, to...
How Do Hops Work?

How Do Hops Work?

How Do Hops Work? Bittering Hops One of the main uses of hops is for bittering. Bittering is used in beer to balance the sweetness of the malt. It also has preservative characteristics. Hops are the flower cones of a climbing bine related to the cannabis family. The...
Brown Beer Bottles, Why Are They Brown?

Brown Beer Bottles, Why Are They Brown?

Why are brown beer bottles brown? The easy answer is to protect beer from light. Only recently (in 2001) did we figure out how light causes the fault called light struck or skunked beer. Chemists at the University of North Carolina and Ghent University in Belgium...
The Importance of Fermentation

The Importance of Fermentation

Fermentation is the most important phase of the home brewing process. Fermentation is all about providing the yeast with the best conditions possible to allow it to convert the sugars contained within the Wort into alcohol, carbon dioxide and desirable flavours and...